Selasa, 02 September 2014

Shokyuu Kaiwa Course no Jugyoo no Summary 3

第3回
1. Evaluation :
     (1) Watashi wa , Anita des. .: I am Anita .
     (2) Watashi no namae , Anita des. .: My name is Anita .
     (3) X ) Yamada san wa , doko e/ni iki maska ?
          Y ) Bontang e/ni iki mas .
          Z ) uchi e/ni kaeri mas .
     (4) X ) Sumimasen , doko kara ki mashita ka ?
          Y ) Osaka kara ki mashita

2 . General Formula
     (2-1)
          Positive     : Noun wa , Noun des.
          Negative   : Noun wa , Noun dewa arimasen .
          Question   : Noun wa , Noun deska ?
     (2-2)
          Positive     : Noun wa , Adjecetive des.
          Negative   : ........next time ! ...................................
          Question   : Noun wa , Adjecetive deska ?
     (2-3)
          Positive     : Noun wa , Verb mas.
          Negative   : Verb masen.
          Question   : Verb maska ?
          Past          : Verb mashita. 
          Invite someone : Verb mashoo !!

Words 
          yaki mashi   : nasi gorang
          yaki tori      : sate ayam
          yaki soba    : mie gorang
          tori zoosui   : soto ayam
          tori no kara age: ayam goreng
          yasai           : sayur
          yasai itame  : cap cay
          maze gohan : nasi campur
        
          kaiboo gaku      : anatomy
          seibutsu kagaku : bio-chemistry
          seiri gaku           : fisiology
          ei go                  : English language
          jugyoo               : kuliah / les

3 . Useful Expression ; I love / like + object
         Saya suke △△△ = (watashi wa ) △△△ ga suki des
Dialog
     A ) Yamada san wa nani ga suki des ka ? : apa Anda sukai ?
     Y ) (watashi wa,) Yaki soba ga suki des : I like " fried noodle"
            Anita san wa ? : Kalo Kamu ?
     A ) Yaki meshi ga ichiban suki des. : I like " fried rice" .most .
Expression : ichiban / totemo / dai suki des
     (1) doraemon ga ichiban suki des.
     (2) Ichiban doraemon ga suki des.
     (3) doraemon ga totemo suki des.
     (4) totemo doraemon ga suki des.
     (5) doraemon ga dai suki des.
ichiban&totemo ;’adverb" . Thats why thier position is " free " in a sentence .
.
Soal Translate!
     (1) Watashi no okaasan wa ,totemo yakitori ga suki des. .
     (2) Rudi san wa , seibutsu kagaku no jugyo ga ichiban suki des . 

Shokyuu Kaiwa Course no Jugyoo no Summary 2

第2回
We have 2 ways to introduce "myself" in japanese .
     (1) Watashi wa , Anita des. .: I am Anita .
     (2) Watashi no namae , Anita des. .: My name is Anita .

Practical Phrases
     (1) Ohayoo gozaimas : Selamat pagi
     (2) Kon nichi wa        : Selamat siang
     (3) Kon ban wa         : Selamat malam
 Hajimemashite , Doomo , (1) , (2) dan (3) tersebut , semuanya fungsinya sama ...
 Dapat Anda pakai saat Anda ingin menyapa seorang Jepang
 Yakni " Halo " / " hai "

Dialog
     A ) Yamada san , Yamada san wa , doko e ikimaska ?
     Y ) Tarakan e ikimas
     A ) Aaa ,soo deska ...Watashi mo des . Jaa , isshoni ikimashoo !!

Words 
     doko e : to where
     iki mas : to go
     watashi mo : i also / me too

Expression Tempat + e + ikimas
     A ) Rudi san , ohayoo gozaimas .Doko e ikimas ka ?
     R ) Ohayoo gozaimas . Daigaku e ikimas ( I'm going to go to Campus )
          Anita san wa ?
     A ) Watashi wa , Lembus Mal e ikimas .
     R ) Aaa, soo deska jaa mata ...
     A ) Hai , jaa mata aimashoo ....
Words 
     ichiba      : market
     byooin     : hospital
     toshokan  : hospital
     yatai        : warug
     omise      : (mini, general ) shop
SOAL Translate!
     (1) Saya (mau/akan) pergi ke perpustakaan .
     (2) Rudi (mau/akan) pergi ke Rumah Sakit .
Examples Tempat + e + ikimas = Tempat + ni + ikimas
     A ) Doko ni ikimas ka ?
     R ) Daigaku ni ikimas ( I'm going to go to Campus )

Words 
     kaeri mas : pulang / kembali ke tempat Anda tinggal

Examples Tempat + e + kaeri mas
     A ) Ohayoo gozaimas, Rudi san ... Doko e ikimas ka ?
     R ) Aaa doomo ..Uchi e kaeri mas ( I'm going to go back home )

Expression ( Ungkapan ajakan ) Verb + mashoo
     (1) Iki mashoo !! : Let's go
     (2) tabe mashoo !! : Let's take someting (to eat)
     (3) jaa mata , ai mashoo !! : ( I wish to) See U again !!

Expression Tempat + kara + ki mashita
                  : datang dari Tempat dan maka saya berada di sisni
     A ) Doko kara ki mashita ka ?
     R ) Tokyo kara ki mashita ( I came from Tokyo )
Soal Translate!
     (1) Saya datang dari Malinau.
     (2) Saya datang dari Perpustakaan .
     (3) Anita datang dari Pasar " Segiri " .
Dialog
     A ) Yamada san no otoosan no namae wa , nan deska ?
     Y ) Yamada taroo des .
     A ) Yamada san no okaasan no namae wa , nan deska ?
     Y ) Yamada hanako des .
     
Words 
     otoosan   : father
     okaasan   : mother
     oniisan     : elder brother
     oneesan   : elder sister
     otooto     : young brother
     imooto    : young sister
Soal Translate! : ( Adik saya , namanya => nama Adikku )
     (1) Nama adik prepmuan saya (adalah) " Masako " .
     (2) Nama adik laki2 saya (adalah) " Hikaru " .
     (3) Nama kaka prepmuan saya (adalah) " Sachiko " ..
     (4) Nama adik laki2 saya (adalah) " Mamoru " .

Shokyuu Kaiwa Course no Jugyoo no Summary 1

第1回
How do U start to talk with a Japanese people
Dialog
At the Sepinggan Airport Terminal )
     R ) Hajimemashite.  Watashi no namae wa , Rudi des.
              Mulawarman daigaku , i Gakubu no gakusei des.
              Doozo yoroshiku....Sumimasen , onamae wa ??
       Y ) Doomo ... Watashi no namae wa , Yamada des.

Words
        watashi no : my
        watashi wa : I am
        namae : name
        daigaku : university
        i gakubu : faculty of Doktor
        gakusei : student

Expression
       Hajimemashite : how do U do
       Doozo yoroshiku : Nice to meet U
      sumimasen : excuse me... / i'm sorry

Examples
     (1) Watashi no namae wa ,Anita des.
     (2) Watashi no namae wa , Sofyan des.
     (3) Watashi wa , Anita des.

Words
      Keizai gakubu : Faculty of Economy
      Noo gakubu : Faculty of Agriculture
      Koo gakubu : Faculty og Engineering
      Kyooiku gakubu : Fakculty of Education

SOAL Translate!
     (1) Saya (adalah) mahasiswa Fak Pertanian UNMUL .
     (2) Saya ( adalah ) mahasiswi Fak Teknik UNMUL .
     (3) Saya (adalah ) mahasiswa Fak Ekonomi UGM .
     (4) Saya (adalah ) mahasiswa Fak Education UNTAG .

Very Practical Expression
     Japanese People always use " doomo " in every day , in every situation.
     Doomo has many means .  Doomo (derivated from Doomo arigato gozaimas) .
     If someone say " doomo " , U can reply " doomo doomo " .

2.Pola Kalimat
    (1) K.Benda wa , k.Benda des .( Positive sentence)
    (2) K.Benda wa , k.Benda dewa arimasen .( Negative sentence)
    (3) K.Benda wa , k.Benda deska? ( Question sentence)
    (4) K.Benda wa , k.SIfat des . ( Positive sentence)
    (5) (Negative sentence)
    (6) K.Benda wa , k.Sifat deska? ( Question sentence)

 Words
      atsui (hot) >< samui (cold)
      ookii (big ) >< chiisai (small)
      takai (expensive) >< yasui (cheap)
      takai (tall) >< hikui( low)
      muzukashii (difficult) >< yasashii( easy)
      isogashii ( busy )
      oishii ( delicious , good taste )

Examples
      (1) Kyou wa , atsui des.
      (2) Tesuto wa , muzukashii des.
      (3) watashi wa , isogashii des.
   
Message : Pronouce dialog, words, Examples above with Ur clear voice .
                Forget them after reading again and again than U use ur time to remember
                them. To enhance ur speaking skill , firstly, U should try to do training of
                ur mouth muscle.